American Council for the UNU, Millennium Project

INTERNATIONAL STUDY ON COUNTERTERRORISM


Downloadable version. You can download the questionnaire on your computer, fill it out off-line and send it by email or fax as indicated below.

Invitation
Instructions
The Questionnaire
Previous Antiterrorism Scenarios



INVITATION

On behalf of the Millennium Project of the American Council for the United Nations University and its sponsors, we invite you to participate in an international assessment of policies to counter terrorism. The results of the study will be available to those in the counterterrorism policy process and published in the 2002 State of the Future.

Shortly after the September 11, 2001 attacks, counterterrorism scenarios were requested on-line from the Millennium Project participants and the World Future Studies Federation. The scenarios were posted on-line for further comments. The results are available at www.millennium-project.org/millennium/antiterrorism.html. The enclosed questionnaire is built on that work and requests your judgments about the effectiveness, plausibility, and potential unexpected downside risks of the policies derived from the scenarios. You are also asked for additional suggestions.

All those who respond to the questionnaire will receive a copy of the results in the 2002 State of the Future and be listed as participants. You are not required to answer all the questions; provide your judgments just about those items you feel most qualified and interested in addressing.

Please contact us with any questions and return your responses to arrive at the Millennium Project by March 5, 2002. Include your name, institutional affiliation and title, along with your address (where the 2002 State of the Future should be mailed) and e-mail addresses and fax number. All responses are confidential, and no attributions will be made.

Send your response by e-mail to <acunu@igc.org> with a copy to <jglenn@igc.org> and <Tedjgordon@worldnet.att.net> or fax to +1-202-686-5179 or airmail to: Millennium Project, 4421 Garrison St., NW, Washington, D.C. 20016, USA.

We look forward to including your views.

Sincerely yours,

Jerome C. Glenn, Director, Millennium Project
Theodore J. Gordon, Senior Fellow, Millennium Project



INSTRUCTIONS

This questionnaire refers to policies that may contribute to counter terrorism and foster social stability. The policies and actions are derived from the scenarios previously submitted on-line and other Millennium Project studies. You are invited to provide your judgments about the effectiveness, plausibility, and potential for unexpected downside risks of these policies. You are also invited to comment on the items of your choice and suggest new ones.

The actions/policies were grouped in three categories:

You do not have to answers all the questions. Please provide your judgments just about those items in which you have special expertise or interest. Use the following scales to rate the items.
For effectiveness:
    5 = Will essentially solve the issue
    4 = Will be very effective
    3 = Will help address the issue
    2 = Will have little effect
    1 = Will make the situation worse

For plausibility:
    5 = Extremely plausible; has already happened or is almost certain
    4 = Very plausible
    3 = Maybe
    2 = Implausible
    1 = Almost impossible

For downside risk:
    5 = Risk free
    4 = Some possible minor risks
    3 = No worse risks than many others
    2 = A risky venture
    1 = Disastrous possibilities


Counterterrorism Questionnaire
 
Item
No.
Political Policies / Actions Effective-
ness
Plausibi-
lity
Downside
risk
1 Assume in policy planning that this will be a long-term war that may include biological, chemical, and nuclear threats.      
2 Establish a common counterterrorism strategy for NATO countries (including other European countries) to be used as a basis for later agreements with China, India, Japan and regional organizations to achieve globally coordinated responses to terrorism.      
3 Consider UN peacekeeping as an essential matter of national security and therefore an item that should be included in National Defense budgets.      
4 Adopt human security as the organizing principle for international affairs.      
5 Further strengthen international and domestic cooperation among intelligence agencies.      
6 Encourage cooperation of Intelligence Agencies with other organizations (international organizations, NGOs, private sector).      
7 Strengthen controls over sales of weapons and other advanced technologies.      
8 Develop strategies to counter organized crime and its links with terrorism.      
9 Address the circumstances in which there are inherent conflicts between national sovereignty and world justice.      
10 Foster inter-religious dialog between Islamic scholars and those representing other cultures.      
11 Develop counterterrorism policies in cooperation with moderate Islamic leaders.      
12 Create strategies that recognize that political Islamists have a mindset to "set the world right"; these polices should address that Islamists see secular Western capitalism as reducing everything to a commodity, reinforcing individualism and greed, and arrogantly running financial and political rules of the world to benefit the West.      
13 Implement policies that do not create more terrorism (e.g. actions that make poor people poorer).      
14 Establish an early warning system at the UN Secretariat that is transparent to the media and NGOs that publicize emerging terrorist situations in order to build public pressure for early or preventative responses.      
15 Implement policies designed to target the mindset of terrorist sympathizers.      
16 Implement programs that help political leaders become more culturally sensitive.      
17 Encourage local citizens to actively counter terrorists in their countries.      
18 Create more effective sanctions that target just the criminals and not citizens.      
19 Hold a special session of the UN to create a new global alliance against terrorism.      
20 Support UN sanctions against governments that create, support, or sustain terrorist organizations as an instrument of their foreign policy or intelligence.      
21 Initiate a UN-sponsored project on "Peace and Conflicts" that includes scenarios from the perspective of extremists as well as other actors.       
22 Create, through the UN, a set of rules of storage, control, and movement of nuclear, chemical, and biological stocks; as well as systems of effective inspection and monitoring.      
23 Enact UN Security Council resolutions to require the destruction of existing stockpiles of nuclear weapons supplies, and chemical and biological weapons in rouge countries, with adequate mandatory international inspection and verification.      
24 Try bin Laden and other terrorists in an open international tribunal for crimes against humanity.      
25 Establish policies that defend justice on a global scale and improve the system of international justice and law.      
26 Include ethical foresight and analysis in the development of foreign policy.      
27 Consider means to pressure Israel into reducing its military severity.      
28 End US policies of unilateralism (e.g. acting to abrogate the weapons in space treaty, Kyoto disagreements, etc.).      
29 Initiate expanded and urgent energy R&D to minimize dependence on oil as soon as possible.      

 
Item 
No.
Defense and Intelligence Policies / Actions Effective-
ness
Plausi-
bility
Downside 
risk
30 Direct military attacks against research and production infrastructure associated with biological and other weapons of mass destruction.      
31 Accelerate R&D to improve spying technology.      
32 Develop and utilize terrorist profile screening systems at immigration, airports, applicants for pilots' licenses, etc.      
33 Make state-of-the-art intelligence technology available to the public so that they can broadcast local conditions.      
34 Use high-tech devices (e.g. biochips, massively deployed TV cameras, etc.) for early warning and detection of terrorist activities.      
35 Design an advanced information strategy to counter terrorists’ mindsets.      
36 Provide additional security personnel at key public utilities (e.g. airplanes, nuclear power plants, and water systems).      
37 Develop advanced technologies to identify pathogens crossing national borders.      
38 Inventory and track sources of bioweapons.      
39 Destroy all stockpiles of smallpox and other viruses that can be used for bioweapons.      
40 Build resilience and redundancies into the energy, communications, and command control infrastructure.       
41 Attack sources of illegal drugs to dry up a principal source of terrorist income.      

 
Item 
No.
Financial, Humanitarian, Education, and Media Policies / Actions Effective-
ness
Plausi-
bility
Downside 
risk
42 Take all possible actions to impede the financial capabilities of terrorist organizations.      
43 Initiate very tough sanctions against nations that harbor or sponsor terrorists.      
44 Establish new anti-money laundering strategies to weaken transnational crime organizations' relations to terrorist groups.      
45 Create methods to identify front organizations that fund terrorists.      
46 Commit to long-term "Global Partnership for Development" to achieve minimal standards of health, education, services and housing.      
47 Provide massive assistance for Afghanistan in the form of food, quick rebuilding of hospitals and other services and infrastructure.      
48 Create a system of quarantine hospitals in anticipation of the possibility of large-scale bio-terror epidemics.      
49 Foster worldwide agreement to include history and information about a broad array of religions, social systems, and cultures in elementary school curricula.      
50 Introduce sanctions against countries that allow the teaching of fanaticism to children.      
51 Maintain global dialogues over decades on issues that inflame terrorists and link the results into school curricula.      
52 Convene key international NGOs to form a Global Council to advise on methods for dealing with terrorism and the creation of global opinion for global civic ethics.      
53 Create a World Public Service formed of volunteers for international conflict resolution.      
54 Promote subjects on TV, in movies, literature, games, etc. designed to change the mindset from xenophobic to a more global one.      
55 Use media to make clear that Islam is not the enemy of the international community.      
56 Promote subjects on TV, movies and in print media that portray other cultures fairly and in a favorable light.      
57 Conduct "social marketing" programs to encourage moderate Islamic voices to be heard.      
58 Block information over the Internet that encourages terrorism.      
59 Embargo live information on terrorist acts.      

Comments on downside risks. You are invited to comment on the disastrous possibilities/repercussions of some actions (please include the number of the action).
 
 

Restatement of policies/actions. Please suggest restatement of action(s) if re-writing would make the item more effective or clearer (include the number of the action).
 

Additional actions or policies:
 

Thank you for your participation.

Send your response by e-mail to <acunu@igc.org> with a copy to <jglenn@igc.org> and <Tedjgordon@worldnet.att.net> or fax to +1-202-686-5179.



Current Sponsors: Applied Materials, Deloitte & Touche, General Motors, U.S. Army Environmental Policy Institute, and the U.S. Department of Energy (Office of Science).  Inkind: Smithsonian Institution and the Embassy of Cape Verde


Antiterrorism Scenarios
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